OSA Incubator Meeting Topological Order with Photons
2-4 April 2014
Steven Girvin, Yale University, United States
Topological properties play a fundamental role in many physical phenomena. The best known examples are quantum Hall systems, where insensitivity to local properties manifests itself as conductance through edge states that is insensitive to disorder. While the traditional research focus has been on electronic systems, there has been a recent emergence of interest in exploring topological orders with photons. The motivation behind these efforts has been twofold: investigating new states of photons in the context of quantum simulation; and developing integrated photonic devices which are robust to disorder. Recent experiments have demonstrated substantial progress towards the implementation of Hamiltonians with topological robustness, from microwave to visible frequency domains. At the same time, many intriguing theoretical schemes have been proposed to explore topological orders in photonic systems, both in the linear and strongly interacting regimes. This incubator provides a venue to discuss the recent theoretical and experimental progress and to explore future research directions and potential applications of this nascent field, in classical and quantum information processing.