Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (FTS)

05 November 2018 – 08 November 2018 Resort World Sentosa, Sentosa Island, Singapore

Today, Fourier transform spectrometers onboard satellites looking downwards provide new insights on the Earth's atmosphere, climate, and a host of other meteorological and remote sensing applications. Instruments looking out provide a wealth of data targeting galaxies, stars, planets, and many smaller objects within the universe. Ground-based FT interferometers explore a variety of astrophysical and terrestrial fields including the global geographic distribution of CO2 sources and sinks. Chip-scale interferometers fabricated using state-of-the-art nanotechnology open up new opportunities for space and industrial applications. Laser frequency combs dramatically improve the resolution and recording speed of Fourier spectrometers. New spectral regions (e.g., VUV or THz) are under exploration with synchrotron radiation. Ultrashort laser pulses expand the territory of FTS to nonlinear and multidimensional spectroscopy. This international conference will provide a unique opportunity to discuss many of these exciting developments in a strongly interdisciplinary environment.


Topics

  • Novel interferometer design: imaging FT spectrometers, spatial-spectral interferometry, stationary interferometers, spectrometers on a chip, stationary-wave integrated FT spectrometers.
  • Instrument design, scientific objectives, and measurement results for space missions utilizing Fourier transform spectrometers
  • Laser frequency combs for Fourier transform spectroscopy: development of frequency comb sources and instruments, dual-comb spectroscopy, frequency-comb based spectroscopy with Michelson interferometers or pulse shapers. Applications to laboratory spectroscopy and to sensing.
  • Laboratory spectroscopy: advanced light sources and measurement techniques for Fourier transform spectrometers. FTS at synchrotron facilities, nano-spectroscopy, nonlinear and multidimensional FT spectroscopy with ultrashort pulse lasers.
  • FTS applications:  industrial process monitoring, spectroscopy, Earth and planetary science, atmospheric remote sensing, trace gas detection, FTS at astronomical facilities.
  • FTS algorithm developments: spectral and radiometric calibration, instrument line shape modeling and correction, nonlinearity effects.
  • All other topics related to instrument developments and characterizations, data processing, and applications of Fourier transform spectroscopy.

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Speakers

  • Iouli Gordon, Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr for AstrophysicsUnited States 
    HITRAN2016 and Beyond: Reference Molecular Spectroscopy in the XXI Century Keynote
  • Kevin Bowman, Jet Propulsion LaboratoryUnited States 
    Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer: Past and Future of Earth System Sounding
  • Scott Diddams, National Inst of Standards & TechnologyUnited States 
    Dual-Comb Electric Field Sampled Infrared Spectroscopy
  • Lei Ding, Shanghai Inst of Technical Physics LibChina 
    Geostationary Interferometric Infrared Sounder (GIIRS) for Chinese Meteorological Satellites (FY-4A and beyond)
  • Jonathan Gero, University of Wisconsin-MadisonUnited States 
    A highly accurate correction for self apodization effects on Fourier Transform Spectrometer spectra
  • Ronald Holzwarth, Menlo Systems GmbHGermany 
    Compact dual-comb systems: from precision spectroscopy to satellite ranging
  • David Lancaster, University of South AustraliaAustralia 
    A chip based dual frequency-comb Fourier spectrometer
  • Jeffery Langille, University of New BrunswickCanada 
    Limb-scatter Measurements of Water Vapour from NASA's ER-2 Airplane using Spatial Heterodyne Spectroscopy
  • Tsuneo Matsunaga, National Inst for Environmental StudiesJapan 
    FTS and FTS-2 Onboard Japanese GOSAT Earth Observation Satellite Series
  • Kaoru Minoshima, University of Electro-CommunicationsJapan
  • David Naylor, University of LethbridgeCanada 
    The SPICA SAFARI Fourier Trransform Spectrometer
  • Hirofumi Oyama, National Inst for Environmental StudiesJapan 
    Greenhouse gas column measurements by ground-based FTS
  • Gregory Rieker, University of Colorado at BoulderUnited States 
    Dual-frequency comb spectroscopy for dynamic, high-pressure combustion systems
  • Lucile Rutkowski, Umea UniversitetFrance
  • Sarah Safieddine, LATMOSFrance 
    IASI satellite observations: best-of 2017-2018
  • Naoko Saitoh, Chiba UniversityJapan
  • Locke Spencer, Cardiff UniversityCanada
  • Joe Taylor, University of Wisconsin-MadisonUnited States 
    An Analysis and Correction of Polarization Induced Calibration Errors for the Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) Sensor
  • Konstantin Vodopyanov, University of Central Florida, CREOLUnited States 
    Massively parallel sensing of trace molecules and their isotopologues with broadband subharmonic mid-infrared frequency combs
  • Takeshi Yasui, University of TokushimaJapan 
    Dual-comb spectroscopic ellipsometry
  • Martin Kaufmann, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbHGermany 
    A Miniaturized Limb Sounder Utilizing a Spatial Heterodyne Spectrometer for the Observation of the Molecular Oxygen Atmospheric Band

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Committee

  • Frans J. Harren, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Netherlands Program Chair
  • Sheng-Cai Shi, Purple Mountain Observatory, China Program Chair
  • Kaley Walker, University of Toronto, Canada Program Chair
  • Ian Coddington, National Inst of Standards & Technology, United States
  • Christoph Englert, US Naval Research Laboratory, United States
  • Jérôme Genest, Universite Laval, Canada
  • Erik Kretschmer, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Germany
  • Hiroshi Matsuo, National Astronomical Observatory Japan, Japan
  • Scott Paine, Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr for Astrophysics, United States
  • Aldona Wiacek, Saint Mary's University

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Plenary Session

Eicke R. Weber, Plenary Speaker

Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore, Singapore

Photovoltaics Moving into the Terawatt Age

In the last few years, PV electricity became cost-competitive with electricity produced by conventional sources. Global PV production capacity will reach in the next 2-3 years 100-120 GWp/a, doubling the production volume of 2016, soon bringing global PV installations into the Terawatt range. A key factor for this growth will be continuous technology advances aimed at higher efficiencies at reduced cost. In addition, cell efficiency will be even more important than lowest cost, to optimize energy harvest from a given area. Crystalline Silicon technology currently represents more than 90% of the global PV market. This technology is approaching a ceiling of 29% efficiency for a single-bandgap semiconductor. New approaches for higher efficiencies require heterojunctions, and several approaches will be discussed. These include heterojunctions on silicon, allowing to combine well-established large-scale Silicon PV technology with new technologies, such as low-cost III/V or Perovskite layers.

About the Speaker

Eicke R. Weber is Director/CEO of the Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore (BEARS). Till 2016, he served as Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE and Professor of Physics at the Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Germany. Weber studied Physics at the University of Cologne, Germany, where he obtained his doctorate in 1976 and his habilitation in 1983.

Prof. Weber’s research is concerned with Materials Science of semiconductors, especially for photovoltaic applications.He was visiting professor at the Tohoku University in Sendai (1990), and at the Kyoto University in Kyoto, Japan (2000). In 1994 he received an Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award. In 2006 he received the Award of Merit from former German President Horst Kohler. In June 2013, Prof. Weber was honoured with the SolarWorld Einstein Award. In January 2014, he received the Zayed Future Energy Prize from the Crown Prince of the United Arab Emirates on behalf of Fraunhofer ISE. He served as founding president of the German Energy Storage Association BVES (2012-16) and is a member of the German Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech).

David Crisp

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Tech., USA

Measuring Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide from the NASA Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2)

NASA’s OCO-2 spacecraft has returned observations of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) since September 2014. These data are being used to study the processes emitting CO2 into the atmosphere and those absorbing it at the surface.

About the Speaker

David Crisp is an atmospheric physicist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology. He is currently serving as the Science Team Leader for NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) mission and the soon-to-be-launched OCO-3 mission. He is also a member of the Science Team for the Earth Ventures Geostationary Carbon Cycle Observatory (GeoCarb), a member of the European Copernicus CO2 Mission Advisory Group and the Greenhouse Gas Lead for the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) Atmospheric Composition Virtual Constellation (AC-VC).

Iouli E. Gordon

Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, USA

HITRAN2016 and Beyond: Reference Molecular Spectroscopy in the XXI Century

The most recent edition of the HITRAN spectroscopic database (HITRAN2016) will be presented at the meeting including new and improved data and structure, efficient web interface at www.hitran.org, and the HITRAN Application Programming Interface (HAPI).

About the Speaker

Iouli Gordon is a physicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, USA. He is the director of the HITRAN and HITEMP projects (www.hitran.org). HITRAN and HITEMP are molecular spectroscopic databases which constitute an international reference standard for the spectroscopic parameters of major absorbers of light in planetary atmospheres. Dr. Gordon led the efforts towards the assembly, validations and public release of the HITRAN2016 database and associated tools. Dr. Gordon obtained his Diploma in Engineering Physics at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Russia (1999), MSc in Physics at the University of Toronto, Canada (2001), and PhD at the University of Waterloo, Canada (2006). His research interests focus on laboratory and theoretical molecular spectroscopy of atmospheric and astrophysical interest, use of available spectroscopic information to construct databases, and development of the tools for enhancing data accessibility and effectiveness of scientific collaborations.

Hank Revercomb

University of Wisconsin-Madison, Space Science and Engineering Center, USA

Advances and Advantages of the Fourier Transform Spectometer (FTS) for infrared remote sensing in support of Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and establishing a longterm record of climate trends

For global observing systems that require a significant number of individual spacecraft and sensors, it is highly advantageous to have observations that are sensor independent with respect to spectral properties and instrument responsivity.  FTS sensors are especially well suited to achieving this goal.

About the Speaker

Hank Revercomb, director of the UW-Madison, Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC) for the last 17 years, has carried on the SSEC traditions established by Professor V. E. Suomi. He has been a leader in using radiation measurements to study the atmospherics of the earth and other planets. Specialties include: high spectral resolution instrumentation for atmospheric remote sensing and spectroscopy, operational infrared sounders, climate observing systems, and net flux observations of Venus and Jupiter.

Wei Huang

Northwestern Polytechnic University, China

Recent Advances in Flexible Electronics

In the past decades, organic optoelectronics has made great progress both in fundamental studies and commercial applications because of their excellent properties, such as solution processable, printable, flexible, low-cost and able to be made at large area. Our recent work is devoted to the development of high-performance organic semiconductors for optoelectronics. We will present our recent advancement on rational molecular design of organic semiconductors for light-emitting diodes, lasers, memories, chemo-/biosensors, and latest research results about ultralong organic phosphorescence, light-emitting perovskite and color display technologies.

About the Speaker

Huang Wei is one of the earliest and most renowned scholars in the research of polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) and has great reputation in the field of organic optoelectronics research in international community. His current research interests include organic/plastic/flexible electronics, bioelectronics, nanomaterials, nanoelectronics, and polymer chemistry. In the area of organic optoelectronics and flexible electronics, he has made a large amount of systematic and innovative achievements and has published more than 700 papers as the first author or corresponding author in Nature Materials, Nature Photonics, Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Communications, Advanced Materials, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, Chemical Reviews, etc., with over 37,000 citations (ISI Web of Knowledge) and an H-index of 99.q

He is the most cited Researchers in the field of material science and chemistry. His contributions to these disciplines have led to wide-ranging publications that address both fundamental and more applied topics, and that place him amongst the 1% most highly cited materials/chemistry/informatics scientists in the world (ISI Highly Cited Scientist). He is editor-in-Chief of npj Flexible Electronics and editorial board member of top international journals such as Advanced Materials, Advanced Electronic Materials, Progress in Polymer Science, etc. He has held over 200 patents which are granted in USA, Singapore and China. Additionally, Professor Huang has published several academic books, such as Organic Optoelectronics, Bio-optoelectronics, Introduction to Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices, etc.

Tom White

The Australian National University, Australia

Perovskite-silicon Tandem Solar Cells: Progress, Challenges and Opportunities

Tandem solar cells that combine emerging perovskite materials with conventional silicon photovoltaic technology have the potential to boost silicon cell efficiencies well beyond their practical and theoretical efficiency limits. This presentation will review recent progress on perovskite-silicon tandem solar cells, the current research challenges, and the exciting opportunities presented by this technology.

About the Speaker

Tom White is currently an Associate Professor in the Research School of Engineering at the Australian National University, Canberra. He completed a PhD in Physics at the University of Sydney in 2006, followed by three years as a research fellow at the University of St Andrews, UK, studying nanophotonic enhancement of light-matter interactions. Since 2011, Dr. White’s main research focus has been photovoltaics; initially on nanophotonic light-trapping; and more recently on the development of high efficiency perovskite solar cells and perovskite-silicon tandems. He has published more than 90 journal papers on topics including electromagnetic theory, photonic crystals, nonlinear optics, optical engineering for solar cells and novel photovoltaic materials.

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Special Events

Accelerating the Deployment of Renewables in Southeast Asia Special Panel

Urgent action is required to limit global warming. Rapidly developing Southeast Asia, with a population of 600 million, needs to deploy vast amounts of renewable energies to keep carbon emissions under control. In this timely panel discussion, experts from universities, solar companies and government agencies will share their views on how to accelerate the deployment of renewables in Southeast Asia. Aspects covered range from technology & engineering to economics and policies.

Moderator: Kenneth Baldwin, Director, ANU Energy Change Institute, Australian National University, Australia 

Panelists:

Christophe Inglin, Managing Director, Energetix Pte Ltd, Singapore
Edwin Khew, Chairman, Sustainable Energy Association of Singapore (SEAS), Singapore
Alan Khor, Head of Engineering, Procurement & Construction, Cleantech Solar, Singapore
Eicke Weber, Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore, Singapore
Thomas White,  Australian National University, Australia

SERIS Local Lab Tours

The local host of OSA Light, Energy and the Environment Congress, the Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore (SERIS, NUS) is pleased to organize local guided tours to SERIS’ laboratories and facilities located at both the National University of Singapore (NUS), and Cleantech One (CTO), as part of OSA’s local site visit program. Pre-registration for the SERIS guided lab tours is required for logistic arrangement. Registration confirmation will be on first-come, first-served basis.

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Sponsors

OSA - The Optical Society

Corporate Sponsor

American Elements, global manufacturer of high purity metals, substrates, laser crystals, advanced materials for semiconductors, optoelectronics, & LEDs.

Exhibitor

Agilent Technologies