Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena

26 June 2017 – 29 June 2017 Hyatt Regency San Francisco, San Francisco, California United States

pcAOP is a forum for the presentation of research in the physics of light propagation in either the atmosphere or ocean, to include distributed volume turbulence,  gravity waves, vortex shedding, stably stratified turbulence, persistent eddies, and cloud /aerosol/vapor scattering and absorption, refractive effects, such as mirages and over-the -horizon viewing, as well as characterization of these phenomena. 

In this forum, we discuss the physics of light propagating through the atmosphere and ocean to include not only distributed volume turbulence but also large scale meteorological phenomena such as gravity waves, vortex shedding, stably stratified turbulence, persistent eddies, and cloud /aerosol/vapor scattering and absorption, mirages, and over-the -horizon viewing. Since propagating through atmospheric and oceanic phenomena is a new field of research, this forum expedites collaboration and cultivates a multidisciplinary exchange of information designed to expand our understanding of the full complexity and interactions of distributed volume effects, drawing upon the most recent results from the fields of boundary layer physics, fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, meteorology, adaptive optics, laser sciences and singular optics. 

  • Distributed volume turbulence:  Kolmogorov and non-Kolmogorov turbulence, Optical beam properties:  scintillation, phase variance, branch points, etc.
  • Meteorological/Oceanographic phenomena: Refractive layers, boundary layer measurements, stratified turbulence, gravity waves, vortex shedding, large scale eddies, micro-meteorology, cloud/aerosol extinction, mirages, over-the -horizon viewing
  • Underwater propagation
  • Atmospheric modeling and simulation: Multi-phenomena atmospheric characterization and computationally efficient methods to incorporate physically realistic characterization into M&S for tasks like Numerical Weather Prediction
  • Turbulence-induced photonic orbital angular momentum: Turbulence-induced optical vortices, transmission and decoherence of OAM states, OAM Sensors
Sukanta Basu, Delft University of TechnologyNetherlands, Idealized and Realistic Large-eddy Simulations of Optical Turbulence (Cn2), Invited

Santasri Bose-Pillai, Air Force Institute of TechnologyUnited States, Estimation of Turbulence Parameters from Time-lapse Imagery, Invited

Szymon Gladysz, Fraunhofer Institute IOSBGermany, Nearly Complete Characterization of Optical Turbulence with an LED Array, Invited

Venkata Gudimetla, US Air ForceUnited States, Statistics of Branch Cut Lengths for Propagation of Coherent Fields through Turbulence, Invited

Olga Korotkova, University of MiamiUnited States, LIDAR Systems Operating in Non-Classic Atmospheric Turbulence: Theory and Wave-Optics Simulations, Invited

Alex Mahalov, Arizona State UniversityUnited States, Stochastic Mirage Phenomenon and Scintillations in EM Wave Propagation Through Atmospheric Turbulence, Invited

Jack McCrae, Air Force Institute of TechnologyUnited States, Analysis of Turbulence Anisotropy with a Hartmann Sensor, Invited

Andreas Muschinski, NorthWest Research AssociatesUnited States, Non-Kolmogorov Turbulence, Invited

Gero Nootz, U.S. Naval Research LaboratoryUnited States, Gaussian Beam Propagation in a Controlled Underwater Optical Turbulence Environment, Invited

Joseph Shaw, Montana State UniversityUnited States, All-Sky Imaging of Atmospheric Polarization , Invited


Steven FiorinoAir Force Institute of Technology, United States
Denis OeschGuidestar Optical Systems, United States
Stacie WilliamsAir Force Office of Scientific Research, United States


Terry BrennanPrime Plexus, United States
Julian ChristouLarge Binocular Telescope Observatory, United States
Thomas FarrellUS Air Force Research Laboratory, United States
Szymon GladyszFraunhofer Institute IOSB, Germany
Venkata GudimetlaUS Air Force
Dan HerrickUS Air Force Research Laboratory, United States
Pat KellyUS Air Force Research Laboratory, United States
Kent MillerUS Air Force Office of Scientific Res, United States
Steve MillerColorado State University, United States
Julie MosesUS Air Force, United States
Andreas MuschinskiNorthWest Research Associates, United States
Douglas NelsonUS Army, United States
Troy RhoadarmerGuidestar Optical Systems, Inc., United States
Darryl SanchezUS Air Force Research Laboratory, United States
Jason SchmidtMZA Associates Corporation, United States
Julie SmithUS Air Force Research Laboratory, United States
Jeremy SolbrigColorado State University, United States
Knut SolnaUniversity of California Irvine, United States
Mark SpencerAir Force Research Laboratory, United States
David VoelzNew Mexico State University, United States
Mikhail VorontsovUniversity of Dayton, United States

Congress Welcome Reception
Monday, 26 June, 18:00-19:30

Join your fellow attendees for the Congress Reception. The reception is open to committee/presenting author/student and full conference attendees. Conference attendees may purchase extra tickets for their guest.
Keynote (AIO/IS)
Tuesday, 27 June, 10:45-12:15

Speaker: Tish Shute, Futurewei (Huawei), USA, XR and The Future of Communications: From Silicon to Human Photonics
AR/AR will evolve into XR to become the future interface for Cloud Computing, IoT, Big Data, Prediction, Self-driving Cars, Personalized Medicine, Robots, Drones, Cryptocurrency, Smart Cities, and AI. XR is intelligent and interactive connecting us in new ways to each other and uniting human and machine intelligence in a space shared and understood by both. The convergence of CV and AI is powering this paradigm shift in computing but display technologies still lag behind. New display technologies that operate at the intersection of engineering and perception are essential for the realization of XR. This talk will look at the promise of XR, and the challenge of fitting the puzzle pieces together.

Student & Early Career Professional Development & Networking Lunch and Learn
Tuesday, 27 June, 12:15 – 14:00

Join us for an interactive lunch and learn program focused on professional development within the Imaging and Applied Optics field. This program will engage students and early career professionals with the key leaders in the field who will share their professional development journey and provide useful tips to those who attend. Lunch will be provided. Programs are open to OSA Members. 

AIO Panel : The View from the Ladder:  Perceptions on the Future of Photonics
Tuesday, 27 June, 16:45 – 17:45 
Perceptions are often governed by the experience of the individual. Here panelists at various stages in their career and seniority will discuss the current and future outlook of the photonics industry as well as the role of collaboration and consolidation in the market.  From fresh perspectives to seasoned analyses, this session will also explore what the optics community can do to shape the future of photonics technology. 
Gregory Quarles, The Optical Society, USA
Martin Garbos, Buerkert Werke GmbH, Germany
Mark Itzler, Princenton Lightwave, USA
Anna Rissanen, VTT Technical Research Center, Finland

Joint Poster Session
Tuesday, 27 June, 17:45-19:15

Posters are an integral part of the technical program and offer a unique networking opportunity, where presenters can discuss their results one-to-one with interested parties. Each author is provided with a board on which to display the summary and results of his or her paper. 

AIO Panel: Start-ups, Incubators, Accelerators, Oh My!
Wednesday, 28 June, 16:45 – 17:45
What if an entrepreneur could put themselves in the shoes of the investors they pitch to? Would the ideas be pitched differently? Would the ask be different? What are the specific challenges of a photonics entrepreneur, and what are ways to address those challenges?

Laura Smoliar, Berkeley Catalyst Fund, USA
John Brewer, Amorphyx, USA

IS Panel: When Two Cameras Are Better Than One
Thursday, 29 June, 11:15- 12:15

Using multiple cameras to form a single image is going mainstream this year, with many new smartphones including this feature. The claims include continuous zoom, improved dynamic range and resolution, and depth sensing, all in a smaller and lighter system than an equivalent single lens camera. In this session a panel of academic and industry experts will discuss the multi-camera trend in the consumer imaging industry. Now that the approach has become practical, it is a good time to explore the key technologies, design trade-offs and performance limits.
Moderator:  Chris Dainty, FotoNation, UCL, Ireland
Ram Nararyanswamy, Occipital, USA
Rajiv Laroia, Light
Andrew Harvey, Univ. of Glasgow, UK
Alex Drimbarean, FotoNation, Ireland

Plenary Speakers

John Schwartzman
 John Schwartzman Productions, USA

Advanced Imaging used in Cinematography 

The presentation will discuss how the job of the cinematographer has evolved in recent years.  In the analog film era change and evolution were measured by subtle improvements in both lens technology and film stocks but the advent of digital technology, both photographic and computer, has dramatically changed the way a cinematographer works.  The cinematographers job is still that of visual storytelling but the number of tools available to accomplish this task grow everyday, we are an art form that bastardizes technology to fit our needs.  It will walk you through the changes in my craft over the last 20 years, sometimes my needs run in parallel to innovations in optical imaging and many times they run counter.

Bio: John Schwartzman, ASC is an award-winning cinematographer whose work encompasses some of cinema’s biggest action and comedy blockbusters, including the $1.67 billion-earning worldwide box office monster hit Jurassic World; Marc Webb’s The Amazing Spider-Man; Michael Bay’s Armageddon; Jay Roach’s Meet the Fockers; John Lee Hancock’s Saving Mr. Banks; and Gary Shore’s Dracula Untold. Twice nominated for the coveted American Society of Cinematographers Award for Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Theatrical Releases, Schwartzman won in 2004 for his work on Gary Ross’ Seabiscuit, for which he also received an Academy Award® nomination.  His additional film credits include Bay’s Pearl Harbor, Michel Gondry’s The Green Hornet, Rob Reiner’s The Bucket List, Hancock’s The Rookie and Shawn Levy’s Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian.  His work will next be seen in two upcoming features:  John Lee Hancock’s The Founder, starring Michael Keaton, and Colin Trevorrow’s The Book of Henry, with Naomi Watts.  He is also slated to shoot the upcoming Star Wars: Episode IX, for release in 2019. In addition to his work on the big screen, Schwartzman is one of the commercial industry’s most sought-after cameramen.  His commercial work, as both director and cinematographer, includes spots for a wide range of national and international clients, such as HBO, Chevrolet, Visa, Toyota, American Express, Mercedes-Benz, AT&T, Honda, Victoria’s Secret, Coca-Cola, Canon, Reebok and Nike.


Mohan Trivedi
University of California San Diego, USA

A Quest for Human-Robot Cohabitation in the Age of Self Driving Automobiles

With recent advances in imaging sensors, embedded computing, machine per - ception, learning, planning and control, intelligent vehicle technology is moving tantalizingly closer to a future with large scale deployment of self-driving automobiles on roadways. However, we are also realizing that many important issues need deeper examination so that the safety, reliability and robustness of these highly complex systems can be assured. Toward this end, we highlight research issues as they relate to the understanding of human agents interacting with the automated vehicle, who are either occupants of such vehicles, or who are in the near vicinity of the vehicles. The design of intelligent driver assistance systems, especially those for active safety that prevent accidents, requires accurate understanding of human behavior, modeling of human-vehicle interactions, activities inside the cockpit, and prediction of human intent. The main idea is to develop an approach to properly design, implement and evaluate methods and computational frame- works for distributed systems where intelligent robots and humans cohabit, with proper understanding of mutual goals, plans, intentions, risks and safety parameters. Moving toward vehicles with higher autonomy opens new research avenues in dealing with learning, modeling, active control, perception of dynamic events, and novel architectures for distributed cogni- tive systems. This presentation will give examples of some of the accomplishments in the design of such systems and also highlight important research challenges yet to be overcome.

Bio: Mohan Manubhai Trivedi is a Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and founding director of the Computer Vision and Robotics Research Laboratory, as well as the Laboratory for Intelligent and Safe Automobiles (LISA) at the University of California San Diego. Trivedi’s team has played a key role in several major research collaborative initiatives. These include design, development and deployment of distributed video arrays for wide area activity analysis, privacy preserving filters for surveillance video arrays for
transportation infrastructures including for freeways, international bridges, and stadiums; systems for vehicle collision avoidance, pedestrian protection and intent analysis, lane-change/turn/merge
assistance; vision-based systems for “smart” airbags, predictive driver intent and activity analysis systems; and panoramic-view surround safety systems and autonomous robotic teams for railway track maintenance and for hazardous environments. His team is recognized as the most prolific and most cited in the intelligent vehicles and intelligent transportations systems field.

He has won over 20 “Best/Finalist” Paper award, has received the IEEE ITS Society’s Outstanding Research Award and LEAD Institution Award as well as the Meritorious Service and Pioneer Award (Technical Activities) of the IEEE Computer Society. He has received Distinguished Alumnus awards from BITS-Pilani, India and Utah State University. He has given over 100 keynote/plenary talks and he regularly serves on panels dealing with technological, strategic, privacy, and ethical issues surrounding research areas he is involved in. He is a Fellow of IEEE, SPIE, and IAPR. Trivedi has served as the Robotics Technical Committee Chair for the IEEE Computer Society, on the Governing Boards of the IEEE Systems, Man & Cybernetics and ITSC Society, Editor-in-Chief of the Machine Vision Applications journal and charter member/vicechair of the University of California System wide Digital Media Innovation (UC Discovery) program. Trivedi serves regularly as a consultant to industry and government agencies in the USA and abroad.

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