Optics and Photonics for Energy & the Environment (E2)

14 November 2016 – 17 November 2016 Kongresshalle am Zoo Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

E2 focuses on monitoring and controlling the generation of energy and its impact on the environment. The conference will showcase optical techniques and instrumentation used in monitoring, sensing, and transmitting information relating to energy and the environment. It will bring together people from industry, university, and government to address environmental impacts of energy production and policies to guide its management. Special emphasis will be on sensor devices for energy, environment, and pollution monitoring, energy usage and transmission (including smart grid technology), and energy efficiency in industry.

Optics and Photonics in Environment and Pollution Monitoring
  • Remote sensing techniques to measure trace gases, particulates and aerosols (including LIDAR, DOAS, FTIR)
  • Optical in-situ techniques to measure trace gases, particulates and aerosols
  • Emerging applications for spectroscopic techniques (including non-destructive optical methods and laser diagnostics)
  • Optical techniques for air pollution and climate change detection (including satellite remote sensing)
  • Laser spectroscopy of the environment (including frequency comb spectroscopy)
  • Optical instruments and techniques to measure solid and liquid pollutants or contaminants and water quality (including hyperspectral imaging, LIBS, and time-gated luminescence flow cytometry and application related to marine biology)
  • Optical systems for measurement of whole-facility emissions (including open-path and fiber-optical sensing)
  • Optical techniques to detect hazardous materials (explosives, …)
Optics and Photonics in Energy Research and Applications
  • Optics and photonics in wind energy (including energy mining)
  • Optics and photonics in solar energy (including energy mining)
  • Optics and photonics in the fossil fuel industry (including transport and storage)
  • Optics and photonics for the mining industry
  • Optics and photonics in agriculture
  • Optics and photonics for studies of combustion, propulsion, and flow processes (such as flames, explosions, projectiles, engines, etc.)
  • Optics and photonics to increase energy and environmental efficiencies of information transmission (including telecommunications, computing, and the internet)
  • Optics and photonics to assess the environmental impact of energy sectors
  • Optics and photonics in underwater technology
Sergey Babichenko, LDI InnovationEstoniaMonitoring of Marine Environment with Hyperspectral Lidar, Invited

Ian Coddington, National Inst of Standards & TechnologyUnited StatesDual-Comb Spectroscopy for GHG Quantification , Invited

Alcide Di Sarra, ENEAItalyDetermining the Effect of Atmospheric Aerosols on Solar Radiation from the Combination of Remote Sensing Techniques , Invited

Frans J. Harren, Radboud Universiteit NijmegenNetherlandsLaser-based Trace Gas Detection in Life Science, Invited

Johannes Kiefer, Universitat BremenGermanyGas-Phase and Combustion Diagnostics by Infrared Laser-Induced Grating Spectroscopy , Invited

Katharina Kohse-Hoinghaus, Universitat BielefeldGermanyPhotons, Electrons, and Ions: Detective Work in Combustion Chemistry Research , Invited

Doina Nicolae, National Institute for OptoelectronicsRomaniaACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace Gases Research InfraStructure Network) Network, Invited

Johannes Orphal, Karlsruhe Institute of technologyGLORIA - 3D Sounding of the Atmosphere Using Air-Borne Imaging Fourier Spectrometry in the Mid Infrared, Invited

Peter John Rodrigo, DTU FotonikDenmarkDiode Laser Applications for Wind Energy, Invited

Juergen Roepcke, INP-GreifswaldGermanyOn Recent Progress in Plasma Diagnostics and Trace Gas Detection Using Infrared Laser Techniques, Invited

Marion Schroedter-Homscheidt, DLRGermanyEarth Observation Based Cloud, Aerosol, and Irradiance Information for Applications in Solar Energy Generation , Invited

Marcel Snels, ISAC-CNRItaly25 Years of Atmospheric Lidar Measurements in Antarctica, Invited

Nobuo Sugimoto, National Inst for Environmental StudiesJapanThe Asian Dust and Aerosol Lidar Observation Network (AD-Net) , Invited

Matthias Ulbricht, ADLARES GmbHGermanyOptical Airborne Leak Survey for Gas Pipelines, Invited

Songhua Wu, Ocean University of ChinaChinaLidar Investigation of Wind Turbine Wake Characteristics Under Different Surface Roughness , Invited

Liang Xu, Anhui Inst of Optics Fine MechanicsChinaIndustrial Air Pollution Monitoring by Active and Passive Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Invited

R. Michael Hardesty, Natl Oceanic and Atmospheric AdminUnited StatesLidar Techniques and Applications for Improving Wind Energy Production and Characterizing Pollution from Fossil Fuel-Based Energy Generation, Keynote

Program Chair

Andreas FixGerman Aerospace Center, Germany
Jianguo LiuAnhui Inst Optics & Fine Mech, CAS, China


Dietrich AlthausenInstitute for Tropospheric Research
Maria Dolores Andrés HernándezUniversity of Bremen, Germany
Weidong ChenUniversite du Littoral, France
Aamir FarooqKing Abdullah Univ of Sci & Technology, Saudi Arabia
Luca FioraniENEA, Italy
Vanda GrubišićNational Center for Atmospheric Research, United States
Waruna KulatilakaTexas A&M University, United States
Hiroaki KuzeChiba University, Japan
Cheng LiuUniversity of Science and Technology , China
Christian PedersenDTU Fotonik, Denmark
Scott SpulerNational Center for Atmospheric Research, United States
Gerard WysockiPrinceton University, United States
Congress Welcome Reception
Monday, 14 November, 18:30 - 20:30
Mekong Event Space - Leipzig Zoo

Attend the 2016 Light, Energy and the Environment Congress Welcome Reception in the unique Mekong event space of the famous Gondwanaland. Meet with colleagues from around the world and enjoy light hors d'oeuvres. This event is complimentary for technical attendees - non-technical attendees and guest tickets are available for $55 USD each.

The Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics (CSP)

Tuesday, 15 November 2016
13:30 – 16:30
Ticket Fee: $15 USD per person
70 person maximum capacity.

Registration will be available onsite at the congress on a first come first serve basis.

Round-trip transportation will be provided from the Kongresshalle am Zoo. Bus will depart at 13:30 and return by 16:30.

The Fraunhofer CSP conducts applied research into silicon crystallization, wafer production, solar cell characterization and module technology, developing in the process new technologies, production processes and product concepts along the entire photovoltaic value chain.

The Center’s work is focused on the assessment of the reliability of solar cells and modules under laboratory and operating conditions as well as electrical, optical, mechanical and microstructural material and component characterization. Focusing its activities in this way enables the Center to develop measurement methods, devices and production process for components and materials which are based on an understanding of failure mechanisms and offer increased levels of reliability.

Its portfolio of research activities in the field of photovoltaics is complemented by research into renewable hydrogen production and the storage and utilization of this gas, in particular the development, characterization and testing of new materials for fuel cells and electrolyzers, as well as the simulations and economic feasibility studies of decentralized photovoltaic electrolysis systems.

The Fraunhofer CSP is a joint initiative of the Fraunhofer Institute for Microstructure of Materials and Systems IMWS and the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE.

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS)
Tuesday, 15 November 2016
13:30 – 16:30
Ticket Fee: $10 USD per person
40 person maximum capacity.

Registration will be available onsite at the congress on a first come first serve basis.

Round-trip transportation will be provided from the Kongresshalle am Zoo. Bus will depart at 13:30 and return by 16:15.

The Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS) is member of the Leibniz Association, which connects 88 independent research institutions of Germany. The task of TROPOS is the research on tropospheric aerosols and clouds. More details can be found at: http://www.tropos.de/en/institute/research-profile/task-and-mission /.

Tropospheric aerosols and clouds play a central role in the coupled system men-environment-climate. The corresponding processes are highly complex and a successful research requires strong cooperation between different scientific fields.

TROPOS is an internationally leading institution aiming at application oriented basic research on aerosols and clouds and their interactions. TROPOS monitors, understands and models the physical and chemical processes of tropospheric aerosols and clouds from the molecular and micro-scale to long-range transports into polluted regions of various strengths. TROPOS is the contact for politics, society and science in the impact-fields health and climate.

TROPOS consists of 4 research departments: Experimental Aerosol and Cloud Microphysics, Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Processes, Modeling of Atmospheric Processes, and Atmospheric Chemistry (http://www.tropos.de/en/institute/departments). Often optical methods and techniques are applied within the experiments.

After a short introduction to TROPOS, the offered tour through TROPOS will stop at four stations (groups):

1. ground-based remote sensing activities: aerosol lidars (Dietrich Althausen)

2. in-situ measurements of aerosol properties: calibration lab for measurements of optical particle properties (Alfred Wiedensohler)

3. cloud-chamber: experimental setup to investigate cloud microphysical processes including the use of optical techniques for detection (Frank Stratmann)

4. the LEAK chamber (Leipziger Aerosolkammer): photo-chemical investigations of atmospheric processes including secondary organic aerosol formation using optical excitations (Olaf Böge)

Industry Panel
Tuesday, 15 November, 17:30 - 19:00
Kongresshalle am Zoo

Renewable energy systems are finally on a global economic rise, exceeding combined new build fossil generation for the first in 2015. Still there is a long way to go, as renewable energies (including hydro) contribute less than a quarter of the worldwide overall energy capacity. In this panel discussion, we will hear different perspectives from politics, research and industry on the status and future of renewable energies and approaches to accelerate market penetration. 

Munib Amin, RWE International SE, Germany
Michael Bauer, Calyxo GmbH, Germany
Hans-Josef Fell, Energy Watch Group, Germany
Bongyoung Yoo, Hanyang University, South Korea

Facilitated by Kenneth Baldwin, ANU Energy Change Institute, Australia

Congress Banquet (Additional Ticket Required)
Tuesday, 15 November, 19:00 - 21:30
Altes Landratsamt

Join your colleagues for a special evening banquet at the Altes Landratsamt, only a few steps away from all conference hotels. After a welcome beverage and a brief welcome, enjoy a lavish dinner buffet in a historical setting. Additional tickets at $65 are required for this event. Purchase your ticket within registration.
Shuji Nakamura, University of California Santa Barbara, USA

The Invention of High Efficient Blue LEDs and Future Lighting
In 1970's and 80’s, an efficient blue and green light-emitting diodes (LED) were the last missing elements for solid-state display and lighting technologies due to the lack of suitable materials. By that time, III-nitride alloys was regarded the least possible candidate due to various "impossible" difficulties. However, a series of unexpected breakthroughs in 1990's totally changed people's view angle. Finally, the first high efficient blue LEDs were invented and commercialized at the same time of 1993. Nowadays, III-nitride-based LEDs have become the most widely used light source in many applications. The LED light bulbs are more than ten times efficient than incandescent bulb, and they last for 50 years!  At their current adoption rates, by 2020, LEDs can reduce the world’s need for electricity by the equivalent of nearly 60 nuclear power plants.

Bio:  Shuji Nakamura is from Ehime, Japan. He obtained his B.E., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from the Univ. of Tokushima, Japan. He joined Nichia Chemical Industries Ltd. in 1979. He spent a year at the Univ. of Florida as a visiting research associate in 1988, and started the research of blue LEDs using group-III nitride materials the following year. In 1993 and 1995, he developed the first group-III nitride-based blue/green LEDs. He also developed the first group-III nitride-based violet laser diodes (LDs) in 1995. He has received a number of awards, including the MRS Medal Award (1997), the IEEE Jack A. Morton Award, the British Rank Prize (1998) and the Benjamin Franklin Medal Award (2002). He was elected as a member of the US National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in 2003, received the Finnish Millennium Technology Prize in 2006, the Prince of Asturias Award from Spain in 2008, the Harvey Prize of Israel Inst. of Technology in 2010, and the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2014. Since 2000, he is a professor in the Materials Department of the Univ. of California Santa Barbara. He holds more than 200 patents and has published more than 400 papers in this field.

Keynote Speakers
Jérôme Faist, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (FTS)

Quantum-cascade Laser Frequency Combs and Their Application to Dual-comb Spectroscopy   
Quantum cascade lasers have recently demonstrated the capability of operating as optical frequency combs in the mid-infrared and terahertz with high optical power (>100mW). Self-detected dual comb operation and dual-comb spectroscopy were recently demonstrated.
Bio: Jérôme Faist was born in Geneva, and obtained his Bachelor and Ph.D. in Physics, in the group of Prof. F.-K Reinhart from the Swiss Institute of Technology in Lausanne in 1985, 1989 respectively. After a post-doc in IBM Rueschlikon (89-91), he joined F. Capasso's group in Bell Laboratories in 1991 where he worked first as a post-doc and then as a Member of Technical Staff. From 1997 to 2007, he was professor in the physics institute of the University of Neuchâtel. In 2007, he became professor in the institute for quantum electronics of the ETH Zurich.
His central role in the invention and first demonstration of the quantum cascade (QC) laser in 1994 was recognised by the IEE premium (1995), the IEEE/LEOS William Streifer award (1998), the Michael Lunn award (1999), the ISCS "Young scientist award" (1999), and the Swiss National Latsis Prize (2003). His present interests are the development of high performance QC lasers in the Mid and Far-infrared and the physics of coherence in intersubband transitions in the presence of strong magnetic fields.

Stephen Tjemkes, EUMETSAT, Germany
Hyperspectral Imaging and Sounding of the Environment (HISE)

Mtg-irs: The Instrument, Its Products and Current User Readiness Activities                     
This paper gives an overview of the Infrared Sounder mission, its planned products and the current activities to prepare the envisaged user community for the MTG-IRS era.

Michael Hardesty, University of Colorado/NOAA, USA
Optics and Photonics for Energy & the Environment (E2)

Lidar Techniques and Applications for Improving Wind Energy Production and Characterizing Pollution from Fossil Fuel-Based Energy Generation    
This paper describes the use of Doppler and differential absorption lidar (DIAL) remote sensing techniques to enhance wind energy production and investigate air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from burning of fossil fuel.

Bio: R. Michael Hardesty is a Senior Research Scientist and Associate Director for Environmental Observations, Modeling and Forecasting with the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder.  His current research interests are focused on the development and application of lidar techniques for investigating dynamical and chemical processes in the atmosphere.  Prior to joining CIRES, he was Program Leader for Optical Remote Sensing for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Boulder.  Over the course of his career he has worked to advance technology and demonstrate use of lidar to measure winds, turbulence and transport from boundary layer to global scales.  He is currently co-chair of the US Working Group on Space-Based Lidar Winds and serves as a US Observer to the European Space Agency’s Aeolus Mission Advisory Group.  Michael is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America and the American Meteorological Society.

Pietro Altermatt, Trina Solar Limited, China
Optical Nanostructures and Advanced Materials for Photovoltaics (PV) Optical Properties of Industrially Mass-produced Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells and Prospects for Improvements
The optical properties of mass-produced crystalline Si solar cells are reviewed and the requirements and constraints for their improvements by modern optical methods are outlined from the perspective of one of the largest manufacturers.
Bio: Pietro P. Altermatt’s main area of research has been the development of physical models for the numerical simulation of crystalline silicon solar cells and testing devices. Of equal interest to him is the application of these models to simulation strategies tailored to research, development and mass production. When Pietro worked at UNSW from 1993 until 2002, the UNSW high-efficiency cells were ideally suited for setting up generally valid physical models, because they suffered from very few non-ideal losses. When Pietro set up a modelling group at the Leibniz University Hannover (Germany) in 2005, the models were extended to industrially fabricated solar cells, working in close collaboration with the industry. Now, such simulations form the quantitative basis for improvement strategies in the PV industry, predicting the optimum device design, the necessary production equipment, and the feasible silicon material.

Christian Sattler, German Aerospace Center, Germany
Optics for Solar Energy (SOLAR)

Solar Fuels: Specific Requirements for Solar Concentrator Systems
The production of fuels by concentrated solar radiation is an option for efficient large scale processes. The radiation can either be used to replace fossil fuels for heating established processes like steam or dry reforming of methane. Or at higher temperature to drive thermochemical cycles for water or CO2 splitting into hydrogen, oxygen and CO. Presently most of the technologies are developed with high flux solar simulators. However some scale-up demonstrations on solar towers have been operated. The concentrator systems, mainly heliostat fields, are similar to installations for power production. However the chemical reactions require a different heating regime. Therefore a special optics and control systems have to be developed to achieve the very high temperatures necessary to carry out thermochemical cycles constantly and homogeneously in the whole solar receiver. The presentation will give an overview of the concentrating solar fuel production processes. It will give insight in how to design the required heliostat fields, secondary optics, and control systems.

Bio: Prof. Dr. Christian Sattler is head of the Department of Solar Chemical Engineering of the German Aerospace Center’s Institute of Solar Research. He is also professor for solar fuel production at the Technical University of Dresden. The main area of his work is the production of fuels especially hydrogen by solar thermo- and photochemical processes. He serves as vice president of the research association N.ERGHY a member of the European Joint Technology Initiative for Fuel Cells and Hydrogen and is the national representative to tasks of the IEA’s SolarPACES and Hydrogen Implementing Agreements.

Klaus Streubel, Osram Licht AG, Germany          
Solid-State Lighting (SSL)
Solid State Lighting: Opportunities and Challenges
LEDs have become the dominating light source in many applications such as mobile devices, displays or laptop computers. They also play a significant role in the area of general lighting. In this presentation we will discuss the success stories of LEDs in lighting, the challenges and the opportunities in future solid state lighting systems.

As Senior Vice President and head of Corporate Innovation of Osram Licht AG in Munich, Dr. Klaus Streubel is responsible for the global research and pre-development activities in the company. Klaus has held a position as head of Corporate Innovation at Osram since August 2009.
Dr. Streubel spent two years as a post doc at the Swedish Institute of Microelectronics in Stockholm, and began his professional career in 1993 when he took a permanent position at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, where he received a lecturer certificate and was appointed as adjunct professor. In 1997, he moved from academic to industrial research and joined Mitel Semiconductors in Järfälla, Sweden, and in 1999 Osram Opto Semiconductors in Regensburg, Germany.

OSA - The Optical Society

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